BACILO: Bacilli are bacteria that are rod-shaped when viewed under a microscope.
BACILOSCOPY: Examination consisting in taking samples of mucus and lymph from the leprosy patient to demonstrate the existence of the hansen bacillus, and thus determine the type of leprosy according to the WHO; paucibacilar when the bacillary index is equal to zero or negative or Multibacillary when the bacillary index is greater than zero and therefore determine the treatment to receive.
BAAR- Bacillus Acid - Resistant Alcohol: The usual name of the bacilli that cause leprosy and tuberculosis.
BCG: Bacillus de Calmette and Guérin, better known by its acronym BCG, is the vaccine against tuberculosis. This vaccine is prepared from an attenuated extract of Mycobacterium bovis that has lost its virulence in artificial cultures, maintaining its antigenic power.
BIOPSY: Diagnostic procedure that consists in the extraction of a sample of tissue obtained by means of bloody methods to examine it under a microscope.
ERYTHEMA: Dermatological medical term for a reddening of the skin caused by an inflammation due to an excess of blood flow through vasodilatation. Erythema is a symptom of various infectious and skin diseases.
ELECTROMYOGRAPHY: Electromyography, EMG or myogram is a medical diagnostic technique consisting of a neurophysiological study of muscular bioelectrical activity. Classically, the same EMG term also includes electroneurography (the study of the nerves that transmit the motor order to the muscular apparatus), although the word electroneuromyography (ENMG) is used more and more in this sense. The technique involves the application of small low-voltage electrodes in the form of needles in the muscle territory that you want to study, measuring the response and connectivity between the different electrodes.
LEPROSY: It is an infectious disease, it is transmitted from person to person, it is of low contagiousness affects people of any age and gender, produced by Mycobacterium leprae or hansen bacillus, which affects the peripheral nervous system, the skin, the nose, the eyes, the upper respiratory tract, the hands, the feet, the striated muscle, some small bones, the testicles and the kidney. It is a peripheral neuropathy of obligatory notification, disease curable without sequels in its initial stages, but incapacitating and incapacitating in its advanced forms, or left to its natural evolution.
LYMPH: The lymph is a body fluid that runs through the lymphatic vessels and usually lacks pigments.
PQT - POLYCHEMOTHERAPY: Treatment recommended by WHO, consists of a combination of rifamycin, clofazimine, dapsone given for 12 or 24 months for multibacillary leprosy and rifampicin and dapsone given for 6 months for paucibacillary leprosy.
RECIDIVA: Classification given to a patient who receives a complete PQT scheme according to the care guide and was withdrawn for clinical improvement or cure and returns with clinical signs of active leprosy (new spots, plaques or skin nodules or a new nervous lesion).
TREATMENT SUBSIDY: National Order economic contribution granted to all patients suffering from leprosy disease to support their rehabilitation.